Plagiarism is the use of someone else’s work or ideas without acknowledging them. It is the act of taking someone’s work or ideas, without crediting the source. Other terms related to plagiarism are:
- Copyright violation
- Intellectual theft
The word plagiarism derives from Latin roots. Plagiarius-an abductor and plagiare-to steal.”Plagiarism,” in the sense we use it today, first appeared in the various battles among Shakespeare and his peers. The form they used was “plagiary,” which is a Latin term for a type of kidnapper or illegitimate enslaver. Ben Jonson is credited with being the first to use it in print. He used it to denote literary theft.
The concept of plagiarism emerged from Europe in the 18th century during the Romantic Movement.A time when writing became an occupation. Words could now be owned and authors were regarded in high esteem. Society, in turn, placed high value on originality. Plagiarism became immoral.The first English copyright law was passed in 1709. The law was to protect the rights of publishers against piracy and to also protect authors against unscrupulous printers.
Almost all forms of expression fall under copyright protection as long as they are recorded in some way such as a book.You commit plagiarism if you:
- to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own
- to use (another’s production) without crediting the source
- to commit literary theft
- to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
There is a fine line between channeling inspiration, borrowing and direct stealing. You may wonder how to present your researched information. Or you might wonder how you get to know about things when writing papers you don’t know about.
In the words of Aristotle, Imitation is natural to man from childhood and the first things that he learns come to him through imitation. For students, authenticity is everything!Suppose you are given a topic on ‘Origin of Common Law’. Chances are you do not know what Common Law is. This means that you cannot write content in that line simply because you do not know about it, right? Wrong! you can write the content. What we do when writing such topics is referring from the web. There are so many sites you can get articles discussing the ‘Origin of Common Law’. For this reason, you will source your information from such sites.
It’s important to remember that every Web site is a document with an author, and therefore every Web site must be cited properly in your paper
However, the fact that you are referring from other sites does not mean that you should copy everything. That will be PLAGIARISM.. It is a crime.In this regard, you must learn on how to pass plagiarism and come up with your own original content. The basic ways of beating plagiarism include:
- Citation-Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing sources. Simply acknowledging that certain material has been borrowed and providing your audience with the information necessary to find that source is usually enough to prevent plagiarism.
- Paraphrasing-This is where you create a twist in sentence in order to make it outstanding, while maintaining the main meaning. The idea here is to ensure that 4 words in a sentence from the original content do not appear in your new article.
- Change of the entire approach-This is where you view reference content from a different angle in order to come up with something new and even more enticing.
- Change of article format-At this juncture, you should aim at formatting your new article in a different way from the original one.
All writers should have a grammarly account which is used to check plagiarism and to correct grammatical errors before submitting an article You can get one @ only 50/= from Ndirangu Mercy or Maiyo Kiprop on Facebook