Kenya is an indirect democracy where people elect a few individuals to speak for the larger group.
A Member of Parliament forms one of the components of the legislative body that is Parliament.The National Assembly has 290 MPs representing the Constituencies
A Member of Parliament exercises this sovereign power at the national level. They play 4 key roles. These are:
- Budget allocation.
Qualifications and Disqualification from being a Member of Parliament in Kenya
(1) Unless disqualified under clause (2), a person is eligible for election as a member of Parliament if the person
(a) is registered as a voter;
(b) satisfies any educational, moral and ethical requirements prescribed by this Constitution or by an Act of Parliament; and
(c) is nominated by a political party, or is an independent candidate who is supported–
(i) in the case of election to the National Assembly, by at least one thousand registered voters in the constituency; or
(ii) in the case of election to the Senate, by at least two thousand registered voters in the county.
(2) A person is disqualified from being elected a member of Parliament if the person–
(a) is a State officer or other public officer, other than a member of Parliament;
(b) has, at any time within the five years immediately preceding the date of election, held office as a member of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission;
(c) has not been a citizen of Kenya for at least the ten years immediately preceding the date of election;
(d) is a member of a county assembly;
(e) is of unsound mind;
(f) is an undischarged bankrupt;
(g) is subject to a sentence of imprisonment of at least six months, as at the date of registration as a candidate, or at the date of election; or
(h) is found, in accordance with any law, to have misused or abused a State office or public office or in any way to have contravened Chapter Six.
(3) A person is not disqualified under clause (2) unless all possibility of appeal or review of the relevant sentence or decision has been exhausted.