The Judicial System is divided into 2:
- Criminal cases
- Civil cases
Criminal cases are crimes against the state.
Civil trials concern disputes between individuals.
Thus, civil procedure concerns itself in cases that are not criminal in nature.
Civil Procedure is the branch of law which outlines the rules that regulate rights and liabilities of persons in disputes of a civil nature. These are the standards by which courts conduct civil trials. The manner of approaching the court when seeking redress/relief in civil cases.
However, this civil process is not only for the resolution of individual disputes but also for the protection of rights, for the enforcement of rights, and for remedying breaches.